The right way to install valves
If damaged valve train components need to be replaced, make sure that you follow these basic rules so that everything works properly and your customers are satisfied.
- Valve impact: If a valve has made contact with the piston, then all of the valves should be replaced (Figure 1).
- Valve guides: Installing and removing the guides means pressing them in and out. After pressing them in, they need to be reamed out to the correct dimension (Figure 2).
- Valve keys: Do not reuse keys. If they are worn, this can cause breakage of the valve stem or limit the rotation of the valve. So you must always replace them (Figure 3).
- Valve springs a): The total height and preload must correspond to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Therefore check used valve springs for dimensional accuracy (Figure 4).
- Valve springs b): Always check that the spring is seated correctly. Therefore see our Technical Messenger(Figure 5)
- Valve seat: When reinstalling used valves, ensure that you check the seat and leak tightness. If necessary, grind the valves with grinding paste or refinish them on a valve grinding machine (Figure 6).
- Valve seat inserts: When installing new seat inserts, you need to mill them to the correct angle after they have been shrunk in to the cylinder head.
- Valve stem seals: Always use the mounting device for installation, because any damage can result in increased oil consumption (Figure 7).
- Hydraulic valve lash compensation (hydraulic follower): Always allow sufficient rest time after installation. Wait at least 30 minutes after installation before starting the engine. Otherwise the valves will crash into the pistons when starting.
- Valve clearance: If it is adjustable, the valve clearance must be set to the correct dimension.